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Fonds Level Description

Accession Number: 93-012


Gavin Henderson fonds. -- 1887-1991. -- 46 cm of textual records.

Biography / History

Gavin Henderson was born in 1911 and raised in England. In his early twenties he visited Canada with a friend. In 1934 Henderson emigrated to Canada and worked in the Eaton's art gallery in Toronto. He attended monthly meetings of the Toronto Anglers and Hunters Association. Eventually Gavin came to know Frank Kortright and when a conservation council was established Kortright offered Gavin the position of secretary in 1952. Working in the council enriched Gavin's circle of acquaintances in the conservation and preservation fields. As editor of the Council's Bulletin he read everything he could that pertained to conservation and preservation. Throughout all of this he pushed the concern of conservation to the masses. He wrote articles in the "Ontario Naturalist", gave lectures and briefs to goverment agencies and gave speeches and seminars to espouse his cause. He left the Conservation Council in 1965. Henderson was appointed to a standing committee advisory to the Minister of Lands and Forests 1959-1970. He was also director of the National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada. (Taken from: Wareki, George Michael. "Protecting Ontario's Wilderness: A History of Wilderness Conservation in Ontario, 1927-1973." Doctoral Thesis, McMaster University, 1989.) He founded the National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada and was the first executive director from 1964 to 1974. He has sat on a number of committees and associations involved in the conservation and preservation of Canada's natural resources. In 1985 he received Parks Canada's National Heritage Award. In 1989 he received the J.B. Harkin Medal from the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society. His leadership helped save Quetico Park from large scale commercial lumbering and prevented massive resort development at Lake Louise. He helped to establish ten new national parks, two of which, the Nahanni and Kluane, were declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites. For this service to Canada Gavin Henderson was recognized and on October 27, 1993 he was invested into the Order of Canada.

Custodial History

This fonds was created by and in the custody of Gavin Henderson until it was donated to the Trent University Archives.

Scope and Content

This fonds consists of correspondence and reports relating to the National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada as well as the personal papers of Gavin Henderson. There are records on conservation, Quetico Park, the Niagara area such as the American Falls and information on Banff and Jasper National Parks. Included in the fonds is the thesis of George Warecki entitled "Protecting Ontario's Wilderness: A History of Wilderness Conservation in Ontario." Also included in the fonds are various publications on wilderness, outdoor recreation, conservation and naturalist activities. There are also four scrapbooks which contain clippings regarding conservation, parks and the 1972 winter olympics.


Title based on creator of fonds.

This fonds was donated by Gavin Henderson.

Restrictions: N

Finding aids: Y

Associated material located at the National Archives of Canada and the Archives of Ontario.

For related records see: 80-012, 84-014, 86-002 and 86-023.

Finding Aid

Box 1

1: Village Lake Louise documents re. proposed Village Lake Louise Resort in Banff National Park 1972

2: American Falls International Board documents re. preservation and enhancement of the American Falls at Niagara 1973-75

3: Oak Tree Fund documents re. saving of oak trees by the Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority 1975-76

4: Quetico documents re. protection of wilderness areas in Quetico Park 1970-73

5: National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada (NPPAC)--By Laws documents re. by laws, subsequent changes and legality of process

6: National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada (NPPAC)--Early Documents documents re. founding of NPPAC and early years 1963-71

7: Canadian Assembly correspondence re. participation in the Canadian Assembly in Banff 1985

8: National Resource Reporting Awards documents re. National Resource Reporting Awards sponsored by the Canadian Council of Resource Ministers 1967-69

9: Toronto Outdoors correspondence between Gavin Henderson and David Crombie, Mayor of Toronto re. Toronto Outdoors Publication 1975

10: Task Force on Park Establishment--Report Controversy documents re. Task Force on Park Establishment and Gavin Henderson's charge of plagiarism 1987

11: Gavin Henderson--Addresses various addresses given by Gavin Henderson 1962-89

12: Miscellaneous--Correspondence 1963-78

13: Miscellaneous--Correspondence 1979-93

14: Gavin Henderson--Articles, etc. articles by and about Gavin Henderson and various documents re. Gavin Henderson's work in conservation 1957-91. Includes photographs of Henderson and information about Order of Canada

15: Conservation and Tourism Council--Correspondence correspondence re. Special Committee reporting to the National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada and the Tourism Industry Association of Canada 1978-80

16: Conservation and Tourism Council--Various documents including notes on the founding of the council, notes for meetings and articles 1977-79

17: Governor General's Conservation Award correspondence re. 1979-80

18: Protecting Ontario's Wilderness: A History of Wilderness Conservation in Ontario 1927-73 George Michael Warecki B.A., M.A. Thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, McMaster University, September 1989. Re. Gavin Henderson see pages 160-168 and 457-460.

19: Parks and Tourism in the 80s: Prostitution or Progress? Proceedings of the 19th Federal-Provincial Parks Conference, Kingston, Ontario August 17-21, 1980  

Box 2

Various Publications on Nature Areas, Wilderness, Conservation and Recreation

1: Yale Conservation Studies Volume 1 Number 1 Yale Conservation Club, 1952.

2: Landscape Planning in the National Parks: Reconciling Perpetuation With Use Richard R. Forster Guelph: School of Landscape Architecture, University of Guelph, 1970.

3: Outdoor Recreation For America: A Report to the President and to the Congress by the Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission Washington, D.C. 1962.    

4: Snow War: An Illustrated History of Rogers Pass Glacier National Park, British Columbia John S. Marsh, ed. Toronto: National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada, 1983.

5: Northern Frontier, Northern Homeland: The Report of the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry: Volume One Justice Thomas R. Berger Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada, 1977.

6: Kluane National Park: A Perspective from the National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada Dr. J.B. Theberge Toronto: National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada, 1972.

7: The Natural and Human History of the Thousand Islands The Interpretive Staff of St. Lawrence Islands National Park Ottawa: Indian and Northern Affairs/Parks Canada, 1975.

8: The Case for the Preservation of Strathcona Park Roderick Haig-Brown Victoria: The Daily Colonist, 1955.

9: Outdoor Recreation Research: Some Concepts and Suggested Areas of Study Marion Clawson and Jack L. Knetsch Washington D.C.: The Natural Resources Journal, 1963.

10: Urban Revival: Goals and Standards Robert B. Mitchell, ed. Philadelphia: The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 1964.

11: General Plan for the Improvement of the Niagara Reservation Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux New York: Martin B. Brown, 1887.

12: A.F. Coventry 1888-1973 Kenneth M. Mayall Victoria: The Canadian Field Naturalist, 1974.

13: The Countryside in Ontario: Proceedings of the Countryside in Ontario Conference Michael J. Troughton, J. Gordon Nelson and Si Brown, eds. London: University of Western Ontario, 1974.

14: Community Planning Review-Revue canadienne d'urbanisme Volume 15 Number 1 Spring 1965

15: Canadian Council on Urban and Regional Research A Resume of the Proceedings of the Founding Conference and the Events Leading to the Formation of the Canadian Council on Urban and Regional Research 1962  

16: Resources for Tomorrow A National Conference on Renewable Resources Montreal: 1961.

17: Scrapbook--Clippings re. National and Provincial Parks

18: Scrapbook--Clippings re. National and Provincial Parks

19: Scrapbook--Clippings re. 1972 Winter Olympics

20: Scrapbook--Clippings re. Leasing Policies in Banff and Jasper