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Fonds Level Description


Accession Number: 89-013


Pauline Johnson fonds. -- 1870-1937. -- 30.5 cm of textual records.

Biography / History

Emily Pauline Johnson (Tekahionwake--double wampum) was born in 1861 on the Six Nations Indian Reservation near Brantford, Canada West, to a Mohawk Chief, G.H.M. Johnson (Chief Owanonsyshon--the Man with the Big House) and Emily S. Howells. She had one sister, Evelyn Helen C. and two brothers; Henry B. and Allan W. The family belonged to the Church of England. Pauline contributed constantly to a number of periodicals such at Toronto's "Saturday Night", "Harper's Weekly", the "New York Indepedent" and other magazines. Pauline was a poet who wrote about Indians and their way of life as she knew it from her own background. (Taken from: 89-013, Box 1) She wrote about a number of Canadian themes and between 1892 and 1910 she gave a number of speaking tours across the country. She spoke at small communities where she read her poetry. Her first collection of poems was called "White Wampum" and it was published in 1895. She then published "Canadian Born" in 1903, "Flint and Feather" in 1912, a volume of tales called "Legends of Vancouver" in 1911 and a novel titled "The Shagganappi" in 1913. Emily Pauline Johnson died March 7, 1913 in Vancouver. (Taken from: "The Canadian Encyclopedia." Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers, 1985.)

Custodial History

This fonds was in the custody of Professor Kenneth Kidd before it was donated to the Trent University Archives.

Scope and Content

This fonds consists of numerous notes and correspondence of Evelyn Johnson pertaining to her sister Pauline, to family history and to the affairs of the Six Nations Indian Reserve. There are newspaper clippings dating from 1881 to 1936 on Pauline Johnson and on Indian concerns of the time. Poems written by and collected by Pauline Johnson; Correspondence of Pauline Johnson, G.M. Ferguson, Chief G.H.M. Johnson and Allan Johnson are also included.


Title based on contents of fonds.

This fonds was donated by Professor Kenneth Kidd.

Restrictions: N

Finding aids: Y

Associated material located in the Archives of Ontario, Toronto.

Finding Aid

Box 1


1: Correspondence and notes of Evelyn Johnson, undated

2: Correspondence and notes of Evelyn Johnson, 1870-1914

3: Correspondence and notes of Evelyn Johnson, 1915-1923

4: Correspondence and notes of Evelyn Johnson, 1924-1937

Above material primarily relates to Pauline Johnson, the family history, and affairs of the Six Nations Indian Reserve.

5: Correspondence of Pauline Johnson

6: Pauline Johnson's Poems

7: Poems collected by Pauline Johnson

8: Correspondence of Chief G.M.Johnson

9: Correspondence of [ .]M. Ferguson

10: Allan Johnson: Correspondence and 'trade' cards.

11: Correspondence, general

12: Miscellaneous (envelopes, pictures of Pauline Johnson, postcards, poster)

13: Newspaper clippings relating to Pauline Johnson, Six Nations and other Indian affairs throughout Canada and the U.S.A.; undated

14: Same, 1881-1890

15: Same, 1891-1912

16: Same, 1913

17: Same, 1914

18: Same, 1915

19: Same, 1916

20: Same, 1917

21: Same, 1918

22: Same, 1919

23: Same, 1920

24: Same, 1921

25: Same, 1922

26: Same, 1923

27: Same, 1924

28: Same, 1925

29: Same, 1926

30: Same, 1927

31: Same, 1928

32: Same, 1929

33: Same, 1930

34: Same, 1931

35: Same, 1932

36: Same, 1933

37: Same, 1934

38: Same, 1935

39: Same, 1936