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Fonds Level Description

Accession Number: 84-019


Ontario Camping Association fonds. Additions. -- 1935-1983. -- 61 cm of textual records and other material.

Biography / History

In 1900 A.L. Cochrane established the first private camp in Ontario. By 1925, the number of private camps in Ontario had increased to only six or seven. The camps established during this time period (1900-1925) were mainly for boys over the age of thirteen. Co-ed camps were unheard of at this time. As of 1925, the private camps were making headway in their development and agency camps, such as the Y.M.C.A., were opening up across the province. The leaders and directors of these camps, wanting to keep abreast of new trends, began to regularily attend the American Camping Association conventions, due to the absence of a Canadian or Ontario camping association. This situation, although helpful to the evolution of camps in Ontario, was not ideal. Issues relevant to Canadian camps, and camp leaders and directors, were not being addressed by the American association. As a result, the camp leaders in Ontario decided to form their own group. In the first few years, the meetings were informal, and held in private homes. The first members were A.L. Cochrane, H.E. Chapman, Mary Edgar, Mary Hamilton, Fern Halliday, and Taylor and Ethel Statten. One of the main topics of discussion centered on the need for a camping association in Ontario. In 1933, this group of private camp leaders and directors formally founded the Ontario Camping Association. Taylor Statten was made the first chairman of the Association. It was decided by the founding members that the Association would not just be for private camps, but would be open to anyone engaged in any aspect of camping. The interests of the founders of the Association encompassed the development and maintenance of high camping standards in the field of camping for children and an appreciation of the wider aspects of the camping movement. They believed that through discussion and consideration of common camping policies and problems, and by mutual exchange of ideas and knowledge, better camping would be achieved. They were right. For example, the Ontario Camping Association was responsible for the development and implementation of standards for Ontario's childrens camps, and, in 1941, in conjunction with the Provincial Department of Health, made the licensing of all camps mandatory. The headquarters of the Association are located in Toronto, Ontario.

Custodial History

This fonds was created by and in the custody of the Ontario Camping Association until it was donated to the Trent University Archives.

Scope and Content

This addition to the fonds consists of correspondence, minutes, brochures, photographs and audio cassettes of the Ontario Camping Association.


Title based on the creator of the fonds.

Includes ca. 200 photographs, 12 audio cassettes, 1 videocassette and 1 plaque.

This fonds was donated by the Ontario Camping Association.

Restrictions: N

Finding aids: Y

Further accruals are expected. This fonds along with 78-006, 82-009, 85-011, 86-018, 88-006, 89-015 and 92-005 is an addition to 72-007.

For related records see: 78-006, 72-007 and 82-009.

Audio cassettes and video cassette have been removed to 83-002: The Canadian Camping Association: Sound Tape Recordings.

Over-sized items located in Large Materials Cabinet - Drawer 29.

Finding Aid

Box 1


1: Scrapbook & Loose Clippings, 1960-1981

2: Temagami canoe trip diaries (xeroxes via Joan Hillary, Lakefield) & Canoe expeditions list courtesy of Brian Back & Bruce Hodgins)

3: 1972 camper lists for defunct camps (Camp Temagami & Camp Wakana)

4: empty folder

5: Mini-Yo-We

6: Camp Woodeden

7: Walden

8: Big Doe

9: Bolten Camp

10: YMCA - Montreal

11: Girl Guides: Saskatchewan & British Columbia

12: History of Camp Tapawingo

13: John Latimer - Biographical Sketch

14: International Camping Congress Materials, 1980-1983: committee minutes, correspondence and flyers

15: Off-prints of camp articles; notes on history of Camping Clues

16: Camping Menus, 1936-1938 (from M. Govan)

17: Photographs:

1. Nan Nail (3 copies)

2. Ted Yard

3. Envelope of pictures OCA Conference Banquet, 1982 (6 photos)

4. Envelope of pictures OCA Annual Dinner, April 1981 (8 photos)

5. Envelope of photos Archives Committee Meeting at Ponacka Farm, May 6, 1981 (8 photos)

6. Envelope of photos Archives Committee Meeting at Humber College, Nov. 1981 (3 photos)

7. Envelope of photos Archives Display at OCA Conference, March 1982 (5 photos)

8. Envelope of photos and negatives OCA Conference Banquet & Reception, 1982 (18 photos)

9. Envelope of photos and negatives Archives Display at the International Camping Congress, Jan. 1983 (22 photos)

10. Envelope of photos of International Camping Congress, Jan. 1983 - sessions, personalities including Dr. Alec Dickson, Sir Edmund Hillary, John Aird (83 photos)

11. Envelope of photos of International Camping Congress - sessions, receptions & personalities including Leo Buscaglia and Sir Edmund Hillary (37 photos)

12. F.M. & Peter Van Wagner, Camp Nomininque, 1981

13. A.L. Cochrane

14. Plaque to honour A.L. Cochrane, founder and director of Camp Temagami

15. Photos of 1st woodsmanship school held at Camp Kandalore, c1975 (4 photos & negative)

18: Cassette tape recordings - (NOTE: oral history cassettes have been removed to Canadian Camping Association: Sound Tape Recordings, accession 83-002)

19: Camp Tawingo brochures

Box 2


1: Camp Wa-Sa-Ah-Bun (St. Catherine's YMCA) history, brochures

2: Camp Wa-Sa-Ah-Bun committee minutes, 1953-1959

3: Camp Wa-Sa-Ah-Bun committee minutes, 1960-1963

4: Transcripts of some interview tapes previously recorded: - Omer Stringer - Stephen Lewis - Jean Foster - Penny Miall - Tony Fry - Camp Philosophy (CCA meeting, 1975) - Pat Scollard - Recruiting and Public Relations - (CCA Directors Conference, 1975) - Budget and Financial Leadership - (CCA Directors Conference, 1975) - Develop your staff (CCA Directors Conference, 1975) - Staff Supervision (CCA Directors Conference, 1975) - Volunteers (CCA Directors Conference, 1975) - Staff Training (CCA Directors Conference, 1975) - Wipper, Fidden, Labbatt, Marshall - Lewis Bryden Smith - Sam Hambly - Evaluating your camp - Frank Halbus - Bing Caswell - Gord Wright - Cecil Whitmore - Brother Raymond - Bruno Morawetz - Adele Ebbs - Mary L. Northway - Elenor Kay

5: OCA Board & Executive Minutes, Dec. 1978 - Oct. 1983

6: OCA Standards Committee, 1978-1983

7: OCA Public Relations Committee, 1981- 1982

8: OCA Environmental Concerns Committee, 1981-1982

9: OCA Membership Committee, 1978-1982

10: OCA Budget Statements, 1977-1983

11: OCA Aquatics Committee, 1981-1983

12: OCA Conferences Annual Meetings, Counsellor Conferences, Directors Meeting, 50th Birthday Celebrations, 1980-1983

13: OCA Miscellaneous: Society of Camp Directors. Budget; Framed list of fellows (in Large Materials Cabinet)

14: Camp Brochures & Responses to Questionnaire: Easter Seal Camps

15: Camp Brochures & Responses to Questionnaire: Private Day Camps

16: Camp Brochures & Responses to Questionnaire: Agency & Special Need Camps

17: Camp Brochures & Responses to Questionnaire: Private Residential Camps A-M

18: Camp Brochures and Responses to Questionnaire: Private Residential Camps, N-Z

19: Camp Brochures and Responses to Questionnaire: Religious Affiliation