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Fonds Level Description

Accession Number: 74-1006


Frances Stewart fonds. Additions. -- 1816-1853. -- 1 folder.

Biography / History

Frances Anne Stewart (nee Browne) was born May 24, 1794, daughter of Reverend Francis Browne and Anna Maria Noble, in Dublin, Ireland. In 1796, Rev. Browne died quite suddenly in front of his wife. The resulting shock seems to have left Frances' mother somewhat of an invalid until she died in 1809. Frances was left in the care of her great-uncle, Robert Waller in Allanstown, Ireland, where she was raised by Harriet Beaufort, who managed the household. Harriet was a well educated young woman, and sought to give Frances the same quality of education. Under Harriet's instruction, Frances received a much more academic education than was the norm for young girls of those days. In the summer of 1816, Frances, and her aunt Susan went to visit some distant friends, the Stewarts, who lived near Belfast. This is where Frances met her future husband, Thomas Alexander Stewart (1786-1847). They were married December 16, 1816. Thomas worked for the firm of Robert Reid and Son, which manufactured linen, cotton and silk. When the company ran into trouble, and eventually bankruptcy, Frances and Thomas decided to emigrate to Canada. The Stewarts went with Thomas' brother-in-law, and former business partner, Robert Reid and his family. The party of 27 set sail from Belfast Lough, on June 1, 1822. Seven weeks were spent on the ship before reaching Quebec. From there they traveled to Kingston, and then on the York, where Stewart and Reid were each granted 1200 acres, provided they settled in an unsurveyed township. Douro Township was suggested as a promising region. On September 9, 1822, Stewart and Reid traveled to the area with Richard Birdsall, the surveyor, and each chose land on the Otonabee River. Life in Douro Township was very isolated for Frances, but she managed well on her own, looking after her home and children. Thomas Stewart died in 1847 from typhoid fever, and Frances Anne died several years later on February 24, 1872 at Goodwood. Extensive biographical information on the Stewart family, plus friends, neighbours, and associates, may be found in accession 02-001.

Custodial History

The provenance of the fonds is varied, including ownership of letters by Mrs. G.K. Browne, Mr. Dunlop Stewart, and H.T. Pammett. The photocopies of the items in the fonds were donated by Mr. Brown, father of Professor Stewart Brown, to the Trent University Archives.

Scope and Content

This addition to the fonds consists of an original marriage license; photocopies of an abstract of marriage settlement; last will and codicils and attachments; and miscellaneous correspondence. The correspondence includes Stewart to Browne (March 11-13, 1823) - original belongs to Mrs. G.K. Browne of St. Andrews East, Quebec; Stewart to Browne (December 23, 1853) - original belongs to Dunlop Stewart of Oakville, Ontario; and F. Stewart to Sandford Fleming - original belongs to H.T. Pammett.


Title based on the creator of the fonds.

The fonds was donated by Mr. Brown, father of Professor Stewart Brown.

Some of the originals are located with Mrs. G.K. Browne, Mr. Dunlop Stewart, and H.T. Pammett.

Restrictions: N

Finding aids: Y

Associated material is located in the Archives of Ontario.

For related records see: 71-001, 74-1005, 77-1006, 78-008, 92-1002, 94-006, 94-007, 94-1001, and 02-001.

Note: O=Original; T=Transcript; P=Photocopy.

Located in Large Materials Cabinet - Drawer 46. FINDING AID


1: marriage license of Frances Browne and Thomas A. Stewart, 2 pages, 16 Dec 1816 (Original)

2: abstract of marriage settlement, (original date 16 Dec 1816; date this copy, 21 May 1857) 15 pages (Photocopy)

3: copy of last will and testament of Frances Stewart, 14 Feb 1863; with covering letter (Dennistoun to Stewart, 13 July 1863; 2 codicils - 31 Aug 1863 and 7 March 1865). 14 pages (Photocopy)

4: Frances Stewart to Miss Browne, 11 to 13 March 1823, from Douro Cottage, 12 pages (Photocopy)

5: Frances Stewart to [Aunt Sutton?], 23 Dec 1853, written from Auburn, 4 pages (Photocopy)

6: [Excerpt from journal], d. 5 Oct 1838. author perhaps F. Stewart (Photocopy)

7: Frances Stewart to Sandford Fleming, 27 May 1850, written from Auburn (Photocopy)