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Fonds Level Description

Accession Number: 71-003


Marmaduke Matthews fonds. -- 1863-1908. -- 7 cm of textual records. -- 2 sketchbooks.

Biography / History

Marmaduke Matthews was born in 1837 at Barcheston, Warwickshire, England. He was educated at Oxford, came to Canada from England in 1860, and settled in Toronto. Matthews was a charter member of the Ontario Society of Artists, and in 1894, he was elected its president. In 1880, he was chosen as a charter member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, and was appointed its first secretary by the Governor General, the Marquis of Lorne. Matthews is best known for his landscape paintings, and he was one of the earliest and most successful artists to paint the Rocky mountains. William Van Horne, one of Canada's greatest art collectors and president of the The Canadian Pacific Railway, commissioned several artists, including Matthews, to follow the construction of the railway west, and draw the landscape along the way. This project began in 1888, and every summer for a period of ten years, Matthews would return to the Rockies to paint the landscape. These paintings brought Matthews acclaim as an artist, but they never brought him wealth. He died in Toronto in 1913.

Custodial History

The fonds were previously owned by Mrs. A.C. Mackie, past president of the Women's Art Association of Canada and her sister Mrs. Margaret A. Friedman before it was donated to the Trent University Archives.

Scope and Content

The fonds consists of a scrapbook relating to Marmaduke Matthew's office as secretary of the Canadian Academy of Arts, from 1878 to 1888; two unpublished manuscripts on Canadian art and artists; two sketchbooks, from 1863 and 1873 to 1874; and a record of pictures, from 1890 to 1908.


Title based on the creator of the fonds.

The scrapbook is extremely fragile.

The fonds were donated by Mrs. A.C. Mackie, former president of the Women's Art Association of Canada and her sister, Mrs. Margaret A. Friedman, on July 14, 1966.

Restrictions: N

Finding aids: Y

For related records see: 69-002. In 2009, we created and published in representative format a small booklet of selected Matthews sketches.

title page

Finding Aid

Loose on shelf

Scrapbook relating to Matthew Marmaduke's term of office as Secretary of Royal Canadian Academy of Arts

Box 1


1. undated, pencil manuscript, 8 pages, entitled "Why are our artists so poorly encouraged?"

2. undated, pencil manuscript, 5 pages, entitled "Art and its uses"

3. sketch books 1: 1863; 2: 1873-74

4. record of pictures, 1890-1908