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Fonds Level Description

Accession Number: 14-012

Kidd, Martha Ann, 1917-2012
Kidd, Professor Kenneth E., 1906-1994


Martha and Kenneth Kidd fonds. Additions. -- 1917-ca.2010. -- 1.1 m of textual records and related materials.


Martha Ann Kidd (nee Maurer) was born October 15, 1917 and resided in Peterborough, Ontario. She married Kenneth E. Kidd in October 1943. A well-known and respected local historian, she was also known for her talents as an author and artist and was an authority on architecture, particularly the architecture of the Peterborough region. Martha Ann Kidd was chair of the Old Buildings Committee of the Peterborough Historical Society and a member of the Peterborough Historical Society, Peterborough's Local Architectural Conservation Advisory Committee, and Trent University's Friends of the Bata Library. She died on July 30, 2012.

Professor Kenneth E. Kidd was born July 21, 1906 at Barrie, Ontario and was the son of D. Ferguson Kidd and Florence May Jebb. He was educated at Victoria College at the University of Toronto (B.A. 1931 and M.A. 1937). He also attended the University of Chicago from 1939 to 1940. In 1935 he joined the Ethnology Department of the Royal Ontario Museum where he worked until 1981 in various positions, starting as an assistant and ending as Curator of Ethnology. He directed the excavation at Ste. Marie I, the site of a 17th century Jesuit Mission near Midland, Ontario, which was the first excavation of a historical site using modern techniques in North America. In 1964, Kidd joined Trent University as a professor of Anthropology and in the following year he established and chaired the Native Studies Program which was the first of its kind in Canada. He retired from Trent University in 1972, and in 1973, Professor Kidd was named Professor Emeritus of Anthropology. Throughout his career, Professor Kidd was honoured with many awards. Some of these awards include the Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship, 1951-52; the Cornplanter Medal, 1970; Award for Eminent Service, Trent University, 1983 (See the Trent Fortnightly Volume 13, Number 21, Thursday, May 19, 1983. Trent University Archives Reading Room); J.C. Harrington Medal, Society for Historical Archaeology, 1985. He and Martha both received Honorary Degrees at Trent University in 1990. Kenneth published "Canadians Long Ago" and with Selwyn Dewdney published "Indian Rock Paintings of the Great Lakes". Professor Kenneth E. Kidd died February 26, 1994, at the age of eighty-eight in Peterborough, Ontario.


Fonds consists of correspondence, photographs, research materials, and manuscripts and published articles related to the careers and the private lives of Martha and Kenneth Kidd.


Custodial History: Some materials were received in 2010 from Traill College and some in 2012 and 2013 from the estate of Martha Kidd via Professor Susan Jamieson and Louis Taylor.

Immediate Source: Fonds acquired from Traill College and the estate of Martha Kidd via Professor Susan Jamieson and Louis Taylor.

Restrictions: Some photographs are reproductions of originals located in other archival repositories or with governmental agencies. These were copied by Kenneth Kidd and then donated to Trent University Archives through the estate of Martha Kidd. We will make single copies for research purposes but ask that researchers attempt to locate the originals in the institution which owns them for publication purposes.

Accruals: This fonds is an addition to 11-006.

Finding Aid

Box 1


1. Martha Kidd: biographical sketch; C.V. (to 2003); legal papers, 1917-1972; family tree
2. Martha Kidd: correspondence to her mother, 1964 (discusses move to Trent University and Kenneth Kidd’s associate professor appointment); additional correspondence from Martha to Kenneth dated 1983 written while Martha was travelling in Greece
3. Martha Kidd: correspondence re Peterborough historic buildings, 1977-1989
4. Martha Kidd: Trent University correspondence re honorary Doctor of Laws degree presented in 1990
5. Articles by Martha Kidd

Loose in box:
Martha Kidd: sketchbooks (3) filled with sketches and motifs by Martha Maurer (Kidd); one is dated 1935

6. Kenneth Kidd: correspondence from Kenneth to Martha discussing their nuptials held on 9 October 1943 (dated July through October 1943 and filed chronologically); additional correspondence from Kenneth to Martha dated 1949 and 1981
7. Kenneth Kidd: biographical sketch; Trent University Eminent Service Award, 1983; J.C. Harrington in Historical Archaeology award, 1985; Canadian Who’s Who, 1988; booklet titled “100 Years of Methodism in Cookstown” (this booklet has several references to the Kidd family); etc.
8. Book and article reviews by Kenneth Kidd, 1940-1981
9. Articles and notes by Kenneth Kidd
10. as above
11. Book project: “An Indian View of Canadian Indian History with Illustrations, 1821-1923” (Kenneth Kidd, Paul Bourgeois, Don McCaskill); manuscripts, correspondence, funding applications, 1978-1981

12. Miscellaneous:

- “Neeji Training Institute: A proposed training programme leading to certification in Native Community work” / submitted by the Department of Native Studies, Trent University to The Donner Canadian Foundation, 1978

- “Gifts presented to the Prince of Wales at the Rice Lake Indian Village, 1860” by Ruth B. Philips, n.d.
(comprised of several copy images of the 1860 gifts “preserved in the Swiss Cottage Museum, Osborne House (family home of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert), Isle of Wight, England”).
Note: see Isolated Manuscript #18 for related material (Reverence Lloyd Delaney papers)

- Letter (photocopy only) to Paul Delaney from Fr. Denis A. Hegarty, Jesuit Infirmary, 1990: re Sainte-Marie among the Hurons, a French Jesuit settlement near Midland, Ontario; mention of [Kenneth] Kidd’s work and W. Jury


Cassettes (24) enclosed in two black cassette holders:
Titles numbered 1-10 (note: #2 missing) include:
1. Program of Mexican Music. 19/6/79; Los Chiriguanos of Paraquay.
3. Eskimo Songs from Alaska. 19/6/79; Folk Music of Ethiopia.
4. Songs of the Redmen; Folk Music of the U.S.
5. Music of Columbia; Fiesta in Chile, Bolivia, Peru. 19/6/79
6. Music of Peru; Indian Music of the Southwest. 19/6/79
7. Music of Indonesia; Music of Equitorial Africa, 19/6/79
8. Tribal, Folk and Café Music of West Africa. 19/6/79
9. Conclusion of Tape 8. Plus East. Geor. Eth. Chorus. Hopi, Zuni, Uruquay, Brazil. 19/6/79; Friends of Music Lib. Congress.
10. K.E. Kidd. Blackfoot Indians (Hallmark) conclusion on Side 2.

Blackfoot Recording, 1960

Gleichen Alberta, Tom & Annie Fox, Blackfoot Pow-Wow, Cluny, Alberta, August 4-5, 1979

Pow-wow, Trent, 1977 or 1978 [Trent University pow-wow]

Pow-wow at Morley, Alberta

[“Cobb. Luni songs?”]

Tom Turned up Nose (Blackfoot Reserve) John Laurie – Commentator, taped 22 July 1956

Conversation #1, 15 January 1980

Joe Couture, [Ealine] Benedict, etc.

Kidd, 25 October 1981

P. [Paul] Bourgeois, K. Kidd, 20 February 1980, Tape #11

Kenneth Kidd recollections of Mohawk Institute, 7 November 1983 (2 cassettes)
NOTE: the above two cassettes were copied onto two CDs in 2019; these CDs are also located in Box 1.

West Wind’s drum. Jennifer Brown (2 cassettes)

Box 2

Photographs (ca. 1000), slides (26), and negatives:

Folder 1 & bound album & box of slides:

- Kenneth and Martha Kidd [1930s – 2010s]
- family activities
- friends, including Paul Bourgeois, Norman Charles
- archaeological sites, including Serpent Mounds archaeological dig
- artifacts
- flowers and pets
- “Round Lake expedition” (1956) portraying Aboriginal activities and dwellings (original photos by Kenneth Kidd)

Folders 2-3:

Photographic reproductions [ca. 120] and negatives pertaining to Aboriginals, archaeological sites, etc. - copied from the holdings of other archival repositories and government agencies. Among these is a copy set of 8x10 black & white photographs taken at the Algonquin Logging Museum (copyright: Province of Ontario, Department of Lands and Forests).
(Restrictions: Although some of the photographs in Folders 2&3 are in the public domain, the originals are in other institutions. They were copied there by Kenneth Kidd and then donated to Trent University Archives through the estate of Martha Kidd. We will make single copies for research purposes but ask that researchers attempt to locate the originals in the institution which owns them for publication purposes).

Box 3

Microfilm and filmstrips:

- “Paul Kane – Haida Argilite Carvings (National Film Board of Canada)”
- “Paul Kane – Sketches”
- “A Brief Description; L’Histoire du Nouveau Monde (1640)”
- “Miscellaneous Manuscripts”
- “Reel of Microfilm of Colonial American Documents”
- “Morris, Edmund Field Notes”
- “The Cabinet Encyclopedia. Edited and compiled by John Lardner. 1833. 3 volumes”
- “Les Raretes des Indes”
- “Dunn – Western Commerce 1760-1774”
- “Paget, H.: L’Art de la coutellerie. 4 vols.”

Box 4

Archaeological/anthropological research materials: numerous articles and papers by various authors, newsletters, reports, maps (themes include glass, beads, food, agriculture, plants, trees, etc.). Also, a hand-drawn topographical map titled “San Pablo de Mitla and surroundings, 1929”

Box 5

Pamphlets pertaining to food, agriculture, plants, trees, sustainability, development, glass, beads.

Newspaper clippings, ca. 1969-1988

Book reviews, by authors other than Kenneth Kidd, 1952-1983