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Fonds Level Description

Accession Number: 12-007


Ontario Camping Association fonds. Additions. -- 1925-2012. -- .8 m of textual records and other materials.

Biography / History

In 1900 A.L. Cochrane established the first private camp in Ontario. By 1925, the number of private camps in Ontario had increased to only six or seven. The camps established during this time period (1900-1925) were mainly for boys over the age of thirteen. Co-ed camps were unheard of at this time. As of 1925, the private camps were making headway in their development and agency camps, such as the Y.M.C.A., were opening up across the province. The leaders and directors of these camps, wanting to keep abreast of new trends, began to regularly attend the American Camping Association conventions, due to the absence of a Canadian or Ontario camping association. This situation, although helpful to the evolution of camps in Ontario, was not ideal. Issues relevant to Canadian camps, and camp leaders and directors, were not being addressed by the American association. As a result, the camp leaders in Ontario decided to form their own group. In the first few years, the meetings were informal, and held in private homes. The first members were A.L. Cochrane, H.E. Chapman, Mary Edgar, Mary Hamilton, Fern Halliday, and Taylor and Ethel Statten. One of the main topics of discussion centered on the need for a camping association in Ontario. In 1933, this group of private camp leaders and directors formally founded the Ontario Camping Association. Taylor Statten was made the first chairman of the Association. It was decided by the founding members that the Association would not just be for private camps, but would be open to anyone engaged in any aspect of camping. The interests of the founders of the Association encompassed the development and maintenance of high camping standards in the field of camping for children and an appreciation of the wider aspects of the camping movement. They believed that through discussion and consideration of common camping policies and problems, and by mutual exchange of ideas and knowledge, better camping would be achieved. The Ontario Camping Association was responsible for the development and implementation of standards for Ontario's children's camps, and, in 1941, in conjunction with the Provincial Department of Health, made the licensing of all camps mandatory. The headquarters of the Association are located in Toronto, Ontario.

Scope and Content

Fonds consists of minutes, correspondence, photographs, brochures, manuals and forms related to the Ontario Camping Association.


Custodial History: Fonds was in the custody of Peter Gilbert, Bruce Hodgins, Janet Adamson and the Ontario Camping Association before being donated to Trent University Archives.

Immediate Source: Fonds acquired from Peter Gilbert, Bruce Hodgins, Janet Adamson and the Ontario Camping Association.

Restrictions: Open, except for Box 1 Folder 21 which is restricted.

Accruals: This fonds, along with 78-006, 82-009, 84-019, 86-018, 88-006, 89-015, 92-005, 93-021, 98-019, 01-018, 04-022, 08-008, and 12-001 is an addition to 72-007.

Finding Aid

Box 1

1. September Camp, 1976 & 1979
2. Camp Ahmek, 1972-1979
3. Camp Kagawong, 1940-1950
4 & 5. Camp Mazinaw, 1969-1984
6. Camp Wapomeo staff, 1925-1975
7-9. Camp Chetwynd, 1989-2005 (see also loose in box: VHS titled "Chetwynd Community Development", n.d.)
10. Correspondence, 1980, 2002-2008
11. World Canoe Tour Festival, 1984
12. OCA publications (misc.), 1998-2011
13. Camping publications, (not OCA, misc.), 1972
14. Camping publications, (not OCA, misc.), 1986-2009
15. Essays, 1994, 2004
16. OCA's charity "Kids in Camp", 2007
17. Complete bibliography of camping (summer) information and its sources in the province of Ontario, compiled by Robert L.M. Roy, [1978]
18. Ipsos-Reid survey, 2001 (re camping in Canada)
19. OCA Belgian exchange program, 1983-1986
20. Correspondence, 1991-2009
22. Financial statements, 2006-2010
23. Comparative income statements, 2007, 2009, 2012
24. OCA budget, 2007-2010
25. Application for new membership (blank, example)
26. Photographs, 1945-2004 (ca. 100) - Toronto "Y" Island Day Camp, August 2002 - OCA Director's Conference, February 2002 - OCA Archives Committee, 1998 - Camp Kagawong Postcards, ca. 1945 - Trent Summer Sports Camp, ca. 2000s - OCA Director's Conference, 2004 (Keynote Session: "Camp Maplerock goes to Trial") - Barb Gilchrist receiving order of St. John; Eanswythe Flynn and Adele Ebbs with publication "Blue Lake and Rocky Shore"
Loose in box: Photographs, 1986-1991 (ca. 600)

Box 2

1. Overview of OCA, 1994
2. Curriculum for camp directors, n.d.
3. "Setting a New Direction", n.d.
4. Annual conference, 2000-2010
5. Powerpoint presentations: Children's Fitness Tax Credit, n.d.; Criminal References Check, 2005; It's Time to Add Colour to Camp, 2005
6. OCA conference for directors and senior staff, 1992, 1998
7. Annual general meetings, 1996-2011
8. Annual reports, 1995-2010
9. Executive director's reports, 2007-2009
10. Facilities and maintenance conference, 1995-2010
11. Standards, ca. 2002-2011
12. Strategic plan, 2008-2011
13. Task forces, 1988-2008
14. Employment standards review project, 2001
15. Forms and applications, 2010
16. Job descriptions, employment in the OCA, 2007-2010

Box 3

1. Workshops and skills weekends, 1996-2010
2. Speakers, 1997-2009 (includes 2 cassette tapes)
3. Awards, 1963-1998
4. Invitations, 1980-2009
5. Logo Press, 1968
6. International Camping Congress, 1983
7. The Canadian Recreational Canoeing Association standard tests, 1980s
8. Canadian National Sportsman Show, 1984-1986
9. Overview of KAP Publishing's proposal for the OCA's 75th anniversary magazine, 2007
10. Charitable status reports, 1993-2000s
11. Name changes and crest
12. Information re Catherine Ross's book "How to be a Camp Counselor", 2008
13. Meeting minutes: Camping in Motion final meeting, February 22, 1995; Report of the Treasurer to the Conference '98 Committee EvaluationMeeting, April 1, 1998

Box 4

Loose in box:
- Trent Summer Sports Camp, 2008-2009
- OCA Archives Committee, 1969-2009
- Master forms, ca. 1996-2006
- OCA Board of Directors orientation handbook: minutes and budget, 2004-2009 (some missing); "Guidelines for Accreditation", "Camp Health Issues", "Crisis Response Manual"

1. Standards and accreditation manual, Saskatchewan Camping Association, 2007
2. Camper Guidance: a basic handbook for counselors. American Camping Association, 1966

Canadian Camping Association
3. Brochures, scattered meeting minutes, correspondence, manuals, 1994-1998
4. as above, 2000-2010
5. Catalogues of Canadian camping articles, 1949-1963 and 1964-1969
6. Misc.: Report of CCA executive development workshop, 1976; board meeting highlights, 1979
7. CCA national conference, 1989